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Paper Layout Guideline

Paper Layout Guidelines

Please, combine the following rules with the graphical templates supplied.

  I. General settings

1. Size: DIN A4 (29,7 cm x 21 cm).

2. Margins: 2,5 cm, top & bottom / 3 cm, left & right.

3. Font: Times New Roman, normal style, 12-point type.

4. Lines spacing is always ‘single’ except when indicated (see graphical templates)

5. Paragraph spacing ‘before’ is always 0-point

6. Paragraph spacing ‘after’ is always 10-point, except when indicated (see graphical templates)

7. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words more than especificated in these guidelines. However, you may use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts, etc.

8. The official language of MT’2020 is English, so papers must be in English. If English is not the author’s native language, please look for help. The main goal is to gather high quality research work.

9. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

10. There will be no footnotes in the paper at all.


II. Head of the paper

1. Title of paper (3 lines long maximum, 13-point type).  No subtitle allowed: consider division of the title line(s) in two parts linked by a slash or a hyphen instead.

2. Authors:

- For each Author:

a) First name to be followed by Surname (Family name)

b) Institution/Company

c) Optional: e-mail address

- In the case of a multiple author paper, indicate correspondent author and presenter (use diacritics - Roman numerals preferred)

3. Abstract should have two paragraphs maximum

4. Keywords: Between 3 and 5.

5. Acknowledgements, if included, should be no longer than 100 words. Only one paragraph is allowed.


III. Body of the paper

1. Length

Papers should have a maximum length of approximately 7000 words including abstract, references and appendices. Authors must avoid the use of specialized jargon and abbreviations/acronyms.

2. Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

3. Subdivisions – Numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2,.), 1.2, etc. (Neither the title nor the abstract are included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. (see graphical template).

Neither the headings nor the sections contents (and subcontents, etc.) should be indented. Hierachy among sections, subsections, etc., is provided by the numerals.

4. Thematic development – Tables – Methods – Conclusions – References

The main part of the paper argumentation should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the ‘Introduction’ and lay the foundation for further work.

Tables should be inserted in the appropriate point in the text. They should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and a concise title should be centred at the top of the table. The source is to be indicated at the bottom on the left. Any symbols used should be explained.

Material and methods: provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

The results, if explicit, should be clear and concise, and perhaps located in a ‘Results’ section.

A ‘Discussion’ should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined ‘Results and Discussion’ section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short ‘Conclusions’ section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a ‘Discussion’ or ‘Results and Discussion’ section.

Insertion of references and/or bibliography should numbered in their order of appearance in the text with no distinction; they should be indicated with superscript Arabic numerals, and referring to the general list of References and/or Bibliography placed at the end of the paper.

5. Images & Illustrations

Images and photographs should be embedded in the text and may be in color or in black and white, with a quality of at least 300 ppp.

All images (graphs, diagrams, sketches, illustrations, photographs, etc.) will be denominated generically ‘Figures’ and are to be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals with title and caption centered at the top, as the graphic template shows. When appropriate, the source of the image is to be indicated at the bottom on the left, with Times New Roman 10-point.


IV. End of the paper

(A) Bibliography

Bibliography should follow the Harvard System pattern:

For journals: [4] Catchpole TL, Frid CLJ, Gray TS. Discards in North Sea fisheries: causes, consequences and solutions. Marine Policy 2005; 29: 421-30.

For books: [22] Arendt H. The human condition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press; 1958.

For one author already quoted: [12] Farthing (1987); (Farthing, 1987 pp.182-5).

For several authors already quoted: [15] Goodwin and Kemp (1979); Ihere, Gorton y Sandevar (1984); Brins et al. (1984); (Brins et al., 1984).


V. Default rules

Please refer to Elseviere general rules for layout aspects not covered by these guidelines